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Recognising concussion

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Recognise the symptoms and signs of concussion

A player does not need to be knocked out (lose consciousness) to have had a concussion.

Thinking problems the player may experience:

  • Does not know time, date, place, period of game, opposing team, or the score in the game – use the Pocket SCAT3 (PDF 128KB) questions to help you
  • General confusion
  • Cannot remember things that happened before and/or after the injury
  • Seems slow to answer questions or follow directions
  • Seems easily distracted
  • Not playing as well as expected
  • A blank stare/glassy eyed, “the lights are on but nobody is at home”

Things the player may complain of or you see:

  • Knocked out
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Feel dazed, “dinged” or stunned
  • Loss of vision, seeing double or blurred, seeing stars or flashing lights
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Sleepiness
  • Stomach ache, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting
  • Poor coordination or balance, staggering around or unsteady on feet
  • Slurred speech
  • Poor concentration
  • Strange or inappropriate emotions (i.e. laughing, crying, getting angry easily)
  • Feeling generally unwell

Take the HEADCASE test

The information contained in this site is intended for educational purposes only and is not meant to be a substitute for appropriate medical advice or care. If you believe that you or someone under your care has sustained a concussion we strongly recommend that you contact a qualified health care professional for appropriate diagnosis and treatment. The authors have made responsible efforts to include accurate and timely information. However they make no representations or warranties regarding the accuracy of the information contained and specifically disclaim any liability in connection with the content on this site.


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